My health in Australia

SubjectHealth & Physical Education YearYear 8 CurriculumAC v8.4 Time215

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In this set of interconnected learning experiences students investigate what health is and how taxes support the health and wellbeing of adolescents.


  • engage with the interconnected nature of health and wellbeing
  • examine how connecting to the environment can enhance health and wellbeing
  • investigate health spending in Australia.
Australian Curriculum or Syllabus

Achievement standard

By the end of Year 8, students evaluate strategies and resources to manage changes and transitions and investigate their impact on identities. Students evaluate the impact on wellbeing of relationships and valuing diversity. They analyse factors that influence emotional responses. They investigate strategies and practices that enhance their own, others’ and community health, safety and wellbeing. They investigate and apply movement concepts and select strategies to achieve movement and fitness outcomes. They examine the cultural and historical significance of physical activities and examine how connecting to the environment can enhance health and wellbeing.

Students apply personal and social skills to establish and maintain respectful relationships and promote safety, fair play and inclusivity. They demonstrate skills to make informed decisions, and propose and implement actions that promote their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing. Students demonstrate control and accuracy when performing specialised movement sequences and skills. They apply movement concepts and refine strategies to suit different movement situations. They apply the elements of movement to compose and perform movement sequences.

Content descriptions

Investigate and select strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (ACPPS073).

Plan and implement strategies for connecting to natural and built environments to promote the health and wellbeing of their communities (ACPPS078).

Teacher resources

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What is the government Budget?


What is tax?

Student learning resources

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Being outside


Our share

To print

Y-chart template

Suggested activity sequence

This sequence is intended as a framework to be modified and adapted by teachers to suit the needs of a class group. If you assign this activity to a class, your students will be assigned all student resources on their 'My learning' page. You can also hand-pick the resources students are assigned by selecting individual resources when you add a work item to a class in 'My classes'.

Part A: Our health

For this activity you will need balloons and space for students to work with them. 

  1. Use a grouping strategy to organise students into groups of 5.
  2. Explain that each person represents one aspect of health - physical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual.
  3. Provide each group with a balloon to blow up.
  4. Students join hands to make a circle of 5 people.
  5. While staying connected, see how many times in 60 seconds students can tap the balloon without letting it hit the ground.
  6. Repeat for another 60 seconds but this time, one person keeps their hands (and the hand connected to the person on either side of them) by their sides and does not participate in the tapping.
  7. Ask: What happened?
  8. Debrief: This is what happens when one part of your health is not functioning well. It has an impact on the others. Each part is important – especially in adolescence.

Part B: Look – sound – feel

  1. Groups use a Y-chart to discuss and record what positive health and wellbeing looks like, sounds like and feels like for:
    • them
    • other young people
    • their community.
  2. Groups share their responses with the class.

Part C: Being outside

  1. Explain that students will be conducting a short activity to find out how and why connecting to the outdoor environment contributes to positive health and wellbeing.
  2. Students individually complete part 1 of the worksheet
  3. As a class, discuss why the outdoor environment is important to people’s health and wellbeing.
  4. Play: What is tax? This video explains what tax is, who collects it and what it is used for.
  5. Pairs of students complete the part 2 of the worksheet.
  6. As a class, discuss why the government uses tax revenue to fund outdoor space and whether this is a good use of taxpayers’ money.

Part D: Our share

  1. Play: What is the government budget? as an introduction to this investigation.
  2. Introduce the cost of health care in Australia.
    The Australian Government spends a lot of money every year on many health and aged care services and sport programs. For example, in 2019–20, the government was forecast to spend $104 billion on health, aged care and sport.

    For the most recent statistics, visit

  3. Pairs of students conduct an investigation into the cost of health care in Australia.
  4. Pairs share their findings through class discussion.